Information and communications technology

Information and communications technology usually called ICT, is often used as an extended synonym for information technology (IT), but is usually a more general term that stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), intelligent building management systems and audio-visual systems in modern information technology. ICT consists of all technical means used to handle information and aid communication, including computer and network hardware, communication middleware as well as necessary software. In other words, ICT consists of IT as well as telephony, broadcast media, all types of audio and video processing and transmission and network based control and monitoring functions. The expression was first used in 1997 in a report by Dennis Stevenson to the UK government and promoted by the new National Curriculum documents for the UK in 2000.

ICT is often used in the context of “ICT roadmap” to indicate the path that an organization will take with their ICT needs.
The term ICT is now also used to refer to the merging (convergence) of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single cabling or link system. There are large economic incentive

s (huge cost savings due to elimination of the telephone network) to merge the audio-visual, building management and telephone network with the computer network system using a single unified system of cabling, signal distribution and management. This in turn has spurred the growth of organizations with the term ICT in their names to indicate their specialization in the process of merging the different network systems.
“ICT” is used as a general term for all kinds of technologies which enable users to create access and manipulate information. ICT is a combination of information technology and communications technology.
In an increasingly interconnected world, the interactions among devices, systems, and people are growing rapidly. Businesses need to meet the demands of their employees and customers to allow for greater access to systems and information. All of these communications needs must be delivered in a unified way. By offering a scalable infrastructure, cloud computing models enable companies to work smarter through more agile and cost-effective access to technology and information. This unified platform reduces costs and boosts productivity across a business and beyond. Part of an information and communications technology roadmap should involve consolidating infrastructures, while providing added benefits to users in collaboration, messaging, calendaring, instant messaging, audio, video, and Web conferencing. Cloud computing is driving more efficient IT consumption and delivery and taking ICT to the next level.

ICT in Society
Information technology has taken over every aspect of our daily lives from commerce to leisure and even culture. Today, mobile phones, desktop computers, hand held devices, emails and the use of Internet has become a central part of our culture and society. ICT has made us a global society, where people can interact and communicate swiftly and efficiently.
ICT has contributed towards the elimination of language barriers. Examples of (ICT) tools are emails, instant messaging (IM), Chat rooms and social networking websites, such as Facebook and Twitter, Skype, iPhones, cellular phones and similar applications. A disadvantage is that older generations find it difficult to keep up with the ever changing technologies available today. The resistance to change and inability to keep up with rapid technology evolution are areas to note. Many people in society are not in a position to take advantage of available technology. This may be due to poverty, geographical location or lack of access to technology
ICT in Education
In current education systems worldwide, ICT has not been as extensively implemented as might be found in other fields, such as business. Reasons for the absence of these technologies in education vary. Some experts suggest it is the high costs associated with implementing these technologies that prevents schools from using them in the classroom. Other experts argue that the social nature of current education systems, which require a substantial amount of personal contact between teachers and their students,

prevents these technologies from being better integrated in the classroom setting.

The use of ICTs in education extends beyond equipping classrooms with computers and an Internet connection. There are a wide variety of ICTs currently available to schools and universities that can be implemented to enhance students’ overall learning experiences in numerous ways. Those schools and universities that have implemented ICTs primarily use these technologies to fulfill three objectives:
 Increase Networking Opportunities: ICTs helps connect schools to other schools, as well as individuals within those schools to one another. This ability to network is especially important for students in rural areas and students in developing countries.
 Provide Distance Learning: With the advent of ICTs, learning has become Web-based. As a result, ICTs have started to replace correspondence schools.
 Supplement Traditional Learning: One of the most common uses of ICTs in education involves students using software programs such as Microsoft Word to produce otherwise traditional written assignments.

By teenstudents Posted in tech

8 comments on “Information and communications technology

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